History Fields and Professors: European - Engel-Janosi

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Unidentified priest with war bonds display
Courtesy of ACUA


Friedrich Engel-Janosi [i] taught two courses in Modern European History, starting 1943/44:

* 543, 544: “Europe 1870 – 1914” and 545, 546 “Europe since 1914”, focusing on diplomacy and the causes of World War II.

Theses under Engel-Janosi:

* Rev. James P. Graham,  Pontifical State and Secret Societies 1815-1832 11/10/1941
* Lateran Compact in American Public Opinion 12/11/1941
* Mother Gertrude Attridge The American Attitude Towards the Pontifical Crisis o 1860 8/3/1942
* Mother Helen M. Syran, R.S.C.J. American Attitude Toward the Crisis in the Pontifical States, 1867 8/7/1942
* Fr. Malachy H. Smith O,.Carm. The French Policy toward the Holy See from 1871 to 1883—the various influences that determined the French stand on the Roman Question. 8/7/1942
* Sister Francis Marie Foley, O.P. Chateaubriand's Politics During His Roman Ambassadorship 1828-1829 8/7/1942
* Brigid Keogh R.S.C.J., Georges Darboy, Archbishop of Paris in 1869, 1870, 1871 7/23/1942
* Sister Mary Ellen Wright, SSMD, The Attitudes of the English Press towards the Vatican Council as relected in the Morning Post, the Times, and the Manchester Guardian,  7/29/1942
* Mother Marie Madeleine (Amy), S.H.C.J. Belgian Independence as Seen in the United States 8/7/1942
* Margaret M. O'Dwyer(?) The Establishment of permanent diplomatic Relations between the United States and Austria and Prussia 12/11/1942
* Rev. John J. O'Neill American Diplomaric Reports on the Roman Question in the Period 1869-1870. 4/17/1943
* Rev. Thomas Purcell, O.S.A. Leo XIII and the Augustinian Order 7/10/1943
* Sister Mary Margaret O'Connell, S.S.M. The Establishment of Regular Diplomatic Relations between the United States and Prussia 7/30/1943
* Sister Mary McGuire C.S.J. The relations between Genoa and the United States during the period 1799-1848 7/30/1943
* Sister Marietta Greaney, R.S.M. Contemporary American Opinion on Bismarck's Social Policy 7/30/1943
* Sister Mary Michael Creamer, S.C.N. The Influence of Lord...(?) 8/11/1943
* Sister Marie McGowan, O.P.  Relations between Hamburg and the United States during the period 1815-1848 8/12/1943
* Sister Clare Mercedes Purtell Establishment of Diplomatic Relartions between the United States and Sardinia 12/20/1943
* Sister Agnes Joseph Connerton, O.P. The Attitude of Edmund Burke on the Question of the Subjugation of Corsica and Poland 12/20/1943
* Mrs. Drew Colangelo(?)  The Attitude of Italy Towards Entry into World War I, as Shown by American Diplomatic Correspondence (June,1914-May, 1915) 2/24/1945
* (Thomas Berry, C.P. The Concept of the Middle Ages in the French Enlightenment Historians 3/1/1944)
* Thomas Berry, C.P. The Last Age of History according to Vico, Hegel, and Spengler 5/20/1944
* Carmelina Cervori The Regency of Empress Eugenie during the War of 1859 6/3/1944
* John H. McDonald, O.S.A. Lord Acton's Views on the United States. 8/5/1944
* Sister Joan Marie Waters The Work of the Daughters of the Charity of Saint Vincent DePaul in the First World War. 12/1/1944
* Frater Vincent Maria McDonald, O. Carm. The REVUE DEUX MONDES and the Question of the Pontifical States from the founding of the magazine in 1829 to the annexation of Rome in 1870. 2/1/1945
* Sister Joan Marie Waters The Mission of William Cahill Rivers, United States Minister to France from 1829 to 1831 8/10/1945
* Sister Marie Laurie Walls, Premier Cailland(?) and his Policy of Rapproachment towards Germany 8/10/1945
* Sister Evangelista Murphy, O.P. The diplomatic mission of Daniel E. Sickles, American minister to Spain from 1869 to 1873 8/10/1945
* Mother D. Gnerrieri The attitude of the "Civilta Cattolica" towards the Italian Question from 1866-1970. 8/10/1945
* Sister M. Brigitta Smith The American Opinion of the Dreyfus Case 8/25/1945
* Edward Gargan Alexis de Tocqueville and the Problem of Power 2/25/1946

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CUA students in dining hall (now Father O'Connell Hall)
Courtesy of ACUA

* (Rev.) Thomas Daniel O'Donnell, S.M. Lord Acton and the French Historians of the Modern Period. 5/15/1946
* Robert C. Flaherty, O.Carm.  The American Diplomatic Reports on the Restoration of the Monarchy in France -- 1813-1820 8/10/1946
* Sister John Mary Hogan, O.P. American Diplomatic Reports on Austria from the Revolution of 1848 until the Outbreak of the Crimean War in 1854 3/1/1947
* Sister Joseph Damien Hanlon The Attitude of the American and French Diplomats to the Kulturkampf 3/1/1947
* Raymond J. Manas The (?) (?) in (?), described by American diplomatic dispatches (1863-1867) 8/9/1947
* Rev. George Dubowski, O.F.M. Edward J. Finan Poland's Constitution of the Third of May, 1791 in the Contemporary French, English, and American Opinion 11/28/1947
* Clyde K. Kendrick  The Diplomatic Relations between the United States government and that of Prussia from 1848 to 1856 inclusive(?) 12/6/1947
* Romaeus (?) W. O'Brien P.Conn.(?) American Attitude Towards the Franco-Prussian War 8/17/1943(?)
* Lawrewnce E. Weisensel Secret U.S. Mission to Hungary, 1848-1849


[i] Friedrich Engel – Janosi (1893 – 1978)Born near Vienna, his grandfather Adolph Engel de Jánosi, a Hungarian entrepreneur who was elevated to nobility by Emperor Franz Joseph. Friedrich grew up in Vienna, his family had a large house and many guests, among them Gustav Mahler and others. He played tennis with Sigmund Freud’s daughters on the family court. He studied Jus in Vienna and finished his studied with a Dr. jur. at the end of WWI during which he served with distinction as an officer in the Austrian-Hungarian artillery on all fronts. In 1921 he also acquired a PhD (Dr. phil) in History with a study on “The Constitutional Question between 1815 and 1848”, combining social, political and legal history approaches. His doktorvater was Prof. Alfred Pribram who was the leading Austrian historian editing documents related to WWI. Through Pribram he was in contact with British and American historians, among them Coolidge, William Langer, Steefel, G. P. Gooch and A. J. P. Taylor. For a short period he worked in a Bank that collapsed during the Austrian bank crisis. During this time, he was also in close contact to Austrian economists and philosopher, such as Friedrich von Hayek, Alfred Schütz, and Ludwig von Mises, who would later also emigrate to the US. After his father passed away in 1924, Engel-Janosi took over his father’s wood factory which he had to sell in 1939 after the “Anschluss” in the context of the “Aryanization” of the Austrian economy. In 1937, Engel-Janosi spent one year teaching at the University of Rome in Italy. When Nazi Germany occupied Austria in March 1938, some influential Italian historians (Gioachino Volpe) and the philosopher Gentile, as well as the German Embassy in Rome offered him their protection. That year, he converted to Catholicism.

In 1939, he, his wife and their daughter, went into exile, first to Switzerland, than to Cambridge where he taught at the university. From 1940-42 Engel-Janosi taught at Johns Hopkins when a position in European history at CUA opened up for him. He stayed at CUA History Department until 1959, later returning several times as visiting professor until a few years before his death.

Engel-Janosi was one of the leading specialists of the history of the relations between the Vatican and the Habsburg Monarchy, but he also published on Italian history (a book on the social problems of the Renaissance appeared in 1924), on the history of historiography (The growth of German historicism, Johns Hopkins UP 1944), and, strongly influenced by phenomenology, on more general theoretical problems (Enlightenment, Violence in the 20th century). Other important thinker he knew well were Eric Voegelin (they taught in Vienna at the same time, later met often in the US) and Arnold Toynbee.