Mariette Lydis (1890-970) was an Austrian draftsman and printmaker active in France. Lydis was born as Marietta Ronsperger. In 1922 she married Jean Lydis but left him for the Italian writer Massimo Bontempelli. A few years later she left Bontempelli and in 1928 she married art publisher Comte Giuseppi Govone. During the 1930s she was quite successful in Paris, starting with a solo show at the Galerie Bernheim Jeune, and then becoming a member and a juror at the Salon d’Automne. When the Nazis invaded France, Lysis fled the country and took refuge in the town of Winchcombe, before making her way to Buenos Aires. She lived in Argentina for the rest of her life. Her prints, hand-colored dry points, etchings and aquatints are known for their apparent sexuality and danger.
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